NEWS:


Thursday, January 5, 2012

ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO



Date of Birth: January 5, 1928

Place of Birth:
Larkana District

Father's Name:
Sir Shahnawaz Khan Bhutto

Mother's Name: Lady Khursheed Begum

Mother Tongue: Sindhi

MARRIAGE: Married at Karachi to Ms Nusrat Ispahani September 8, 1951.

CHILDREN:


Benazir Bhutto  - 1953 - 2007
Murtaza Bhutto - 1954 - 1996
Sanam Bhutto   - 1957
Shahnawaz Bhutto - 1958 - 1985


EDUCATION:

Cathedral School, Bombay - 1937 - 1947

Joined University of Southern California - 1947

Transferred to Berkely Campus of USC - 1949

First Asian to be elected to Berkely Student Council

Graduated with Honours in Political Science - 1950

Admitted to Christ Church College, Oxford - 1950

Graduated with Honours from Oxford University - 1952

Called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn - 1953

Lecturer of Sindh Muslim Law College - 1954

Member of Pakistan Delegation to the United Nations - 1957

Addressed the United Nations Sixth Committee on Aggression - October 25, 1957

Leader of Pakistan Delegation to United Nations Conference on the Law of the Seas, addressed the Conference on the Freedom of the Seas.- March - 1958




MINISTERIAL CAREER


Minister of Commerce - 1958

Minister for Information and National Reconstruction - 1959

Minister for Fuel, Power and Natural Resources - 1960

Leader of Pakistan Delegation to the UN - 1959, 1960, 1963 & 1965

Statement in support of Algeria against French Imperialism at UN - 1959

Leader of Pakistan Delegation to Moscow to negotiate agreement on Oil and Gas Exploration with Soviet Union with 120 Million Roubles credit - 1960

Led Pakistan's Delegation to UN and differed with US by not voting against China's Membership - 1960

Foreign Minister of Pakistan - 1963 - 1965

Sino-Pakistan Boundary Agreement, gaining 750 Square Miles for Pakistan 2nd March - 1963

Famous Speech at the U.N. Security Council "We will wage a war for a thousand years" - 22-23 September 1965

Resigned from the Federal Cabinet - June, 1966


PAKISTAN PEOPLES PARTY (PPP)

Historic welcome in Lahore after resignation as Foreign Minister - 21st June, 1966

Manifesto of Pakistan Peoples Party prepared

"Islam is our Faith, Democracy is our Policy, Socialism is our Economy, All Power to the People". October, 1966

Foundation of Pakistan Peoples Party, Lahore - 30th November, 1967

Led Mass Movement for Restoration of Democracy - 1968

Arrested for creating disaffection against Government-November 12, 1968

Landslide victory for PPP in 1970 elections in present day Pakistan - December 7, 1970


PRESIDENT/PRIME MINISTER

Economic Reforms Order Nationalisation of Key Industries - January 3, 1972 

Announcement of Labour Policies - February 10, 1972 

Workers would participate in Profits

Old Age Pensions and Group Insurance

Land Reforms - 1st March, 1973

Ceiling reduced from 500 Acres to 150 Acres of irrigated land and 1000 Acres to 300 Acres for semi-irrigated land. All lands in excess of 100 Acres allocated to Govt. Servants confiscated and redistributed.

The Law Reform Ordinance - giving effect to the recommendations of the Law Reforms Commission. - 14th April, 1972

Martial Law Lifted 21st April, 1972

Simla Agreement Signed

Pakistan to get back 5000 square miles of territory occupied in 1971 war. India and Pakistan to respect line of control in Kashmir without prejudice to Pakistan's claim. - 2nd July, 1972

National Book Foundation established - 24th September, 1972

Inaugurated Pakistan's first Nuclear Power Plant at Karachi.
- 28th November, 1972

Establishment of NDFC - 5th February, 1973 

Establishment of Quaid-E-Azam University - 9th February, 1973

Constitution of Pakistan passed unanimously - 12th April, 1973

Establishment of Port Qasim Authority - 27th June, 1973

Elected Prime Minister of Pakistan - 14th August, 1973

Identity Cards for Citizens - 28th July, 1973

Agreement for repatriation of 93,000 POWs - 28th August, 1973

Administrative Reforms Order
- September, 1973

Laid Foundation Stone of Pakistan Steel Mill
- 30th December, 1973

  Nationalizationof Banks
- 1st January, 1974

Establishment of Allama Iqbal Open University - 21st May, 1974

Islamic Summit at Lahore
- 22nd February, 1975

Inaugurated Pakistan's First Seerat Conference - 3rd March, 1976

Kissinger warned Zulfikar Ali Bhutto that if Pakistan continued with its nuclear programme "the Prime Minister would have to pay a heavy price." - August, 1976


Bhutto proposed a Third World Summit - September, 1976


BETRAYAL AND ASSASSINATION


General Elections were held on March 7, 1977. PPP emerged as the victorious Party. At the behest of General Ziaul Haq, PNA accused government of so-called rigging in the elections. Negotiations with PNA resumed. An Agreement was reached on June 8, 1977 for holding Fresh Elections on October 8, 1977.

On July 5, 1977 COAS General Ziaul Haq imposed Martial Law unilaterally. The National Assembly, the Senate and Provincial Assemblies were dissolved and Constitution held in abeyance.

Zia's Military Junta established a dummy government of PNA with CMLA as President. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto arrested on July, 5, 1977 and released on July 28, 1977.

Re-arrested on September 3, 1977 from Clifton, Karachi, on the charges of a fabricated murder case; again released on September 13, 1977 against Lahore High Court bail. Re-arrested at Larkana on September 17, 1977.

On September, 1977 the Chief Justice of Pakistan, Mr. Justice Yakub Ali Khan was suspended from service because he had admitted Mrs. Nusrat Bhuto's Petition challenging imposition of martial law.

On October 9, 1977, Maulvi Mushtaq, Chief Justice, Lahore High Court, cancelled the bail already granted to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto by LHC.

Mercilessly and despicably murdered on April 4, 1979.

1 comments:

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